Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach

Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach

Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach
Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach

A divorce is a complex event that can be viewed from multiple perspectives many investigations from Miami Beach South Beach. For example, sociological investigations have focused primarily on structural and life course predictors of marital disruption, such as social class, race, and age at first marriage (Bumpass, Martin, & Sweet, 1991; White, 1991). Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. Psychological investigations, in contrast, has focused on dimensions of marital interaction, such as conflict management (Gottman, 1994), or on personality characteristics, such as antisocial behavior or chronic negative affect (Leonard & Roberts, 1998).

One limitation of these approaches is that neither considers the individual’s perceptions about why the divorce occurred in Miami Beach South Beach.. Indeed, when explaining what caused their marriages to end, people appear to give relatively little credence to widely studied factors such as age at marriage or conflict resolution skills. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. In this article, we use a third approach to studying divorce, one that considers the subjective accounts of recently divorced individuals. Examining the accounts of divorced individuals provides a useful complement to more objective methods and is necessary for a full understanding of the divorce process. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

This approach to studying marital dissolution in Miami Beach South Beach, however, is relatively uncommon, and only a few investigations of this topic (e.g., Hopper, 1993) have appeared in the investigations literature during the past decade. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. The investigations from Miami Beach South Beach reported in this article had three goals. The first was to describe and categorize the perceived causes of divorce, as reported by a sample of recently divorced individuals. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. The second goal was to see how the reported causes of divorce varied with structural factors (such as gender and social class) and life course variables (such as age at marriage, duration of the marriage, and having children).

The third goal focused on a topic rarely addressed in the investigations literatures: links between the perceived causes of divorce and subsequent adjustment. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.  In particular, we examined people’s causal attributions for divorce (whether the perceived cause was located within the respondent, the spouse, the relationship, or forces external to the relationship) and how these attributions related to divorce adjustment, attachment to the former spouse, and general appraisals of life. We use national longitudinal data collected between 1980 and 1997 from Miami Beach South Beach for this purpose. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

GENDER. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

Compared to men, women tend to monitor their relationships more closely, become aware of relationship problems sooner, and are more likely to initiate discussions of relationship problems with their partners (Thompson & Walker, 1991). Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

Men, in contrast, are more likely than women to withdraw from discussions of relationship problems (Gottman, 1994). Perhaps for these reasons, wives are more likely than husbands to initiate divorce (Albrecht, Bahr, & Goodman, 1983; Goode, 1956; Kitson, 1992). Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

Given that marital discord and divorce are gendered experiences, it is not surprising that investigations from Miami Beach South Beach have documented differences between men’s and women’s accounts of divorce. For example, several investigations have shown that former wives provide longer and more complex explanations for their divorces than do former husbands (Cleek & Pearson, 1985; Kitson, 1992; Levinger, 1966). Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

With respect to perceived causes of divorce, women appear to be more likely than men to refer to relational or emotional issues, such as basic unhappiness and incompatibility (Cleek & Pearson, 1985), former spouses’ personalities (Kitson, 1992), and a general lack of love (Levinger, 1966). Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

Former wives also are more likely than former husbands to refer to a cluster of negative partner behaviors, including physical abuse, emotional abuse, substance use, going out with “the boys,” and neglect of home and children (Bloom, Niles, & Tatcher, 1985; Cleek & Pearson, 1985; Kitson, 1992; Levinger, 1966). Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. In contrast, men, more often than women, blame the divorce on external factors, such as work or problems with in-laws (Kitson, 1992; Levinger, 1966). Former husbands also are more likely to report that they do not know what caused the divorce (Kitson, 1992).

SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach
Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach

In addition to gender, SES, usually measured by education and income, has been a focus of infidelity investigations. Prior investigations indicate that education and income facilitate marital success (Voydanoff, 1991). Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. Education promotes more effective communication between couples, thus helping them to resolve differences. In contrast, the stress generated by economic hardship increases disagreements over finances, makes spouses irritable, and decreases expressions of emotional support (Conger et al., 1990).

Partly for these reasons, SES is inversely associated with the risk of divorce (White, 1991). Nevertheless, well-educated individuals may hold especially high standards for marriage and expect a substantial level of emotional support, companionship, and personal fulfillment from their spouses. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. Because of these high standards, relationship problems may trigger thoughts of divorce relatively quickly among well-educated individuals.

Several investigations suggest that SES is correlated with people’s reasons for divorce. Kitson (1992) found that high-SES individuals, following divorce, were more likely to complain about lack of communication, changes in interests or values, incompatibility, and their ex-spouses’ self-centeredness. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. In contrast, low-SES individuals were more likely to complain about physical abuse, going out with the boys/girls, neglect of household duties, gambling, criminal activities, financial problems, and employment problems.

Similarly, Levinger (1966) found that low-SES divorced individuals complained about financial problems, physical abuse, and drinking in Miami Beach South Beach, whereas high-SES divorced individuals complained about lack of love and excessive demands from their spouses. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. Goode (1956) found that high-status divorcees tended to report personality problems and conflict over values as reasons for divorce, whereas low-status divorcees tended to report lack of economic support from their former husbands. These results suggest that as SES increases, individuals are less likely to report instrumental reasons and more likely to report expressive and relationship-centered reasons. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

LIFE COURSE VARIABLES. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

The life course perspective (Elder, 1994), with its emphasis on the timing and duration of events, incorporates factors such as age at marriage, duration of the marriage, and the presence of children  in Miami Beach South Beach. With respect to age at marriage, individuals who marry at younger ages tend to report more marital problems and experience a greater risk of divorce than individuals who marry at older ages (Bumpass et al., 1991). Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

The negative consequences of marrying at an early age may be due to psychological immaturity, unstable employment, and a truncated spousal-search process. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. With respect to the duration of the marriage, divorces occur more often in the early rather than the later years of marriage (White, 1991). Becker (1991) argued that people generally have imperfect information about their partners during courtship but learn substantially more about their spouses after marriage.

Consequently early divorces are disproportionately due to the discovery of basic incompatibility, conflict in values, and personality clashes. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. Nevertheless, couples in marriages of long duration face challenges (such as raising children, boredom with the relationship, and gradually diverging interests and attitudes) that differ from those of individuals in marriages of short duration. Indeed, investigations have shown that marital duration is associated with long-term declines in marital happiness (Johnson, Amoloza, & Booth, 1992). Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

Are life course variables associated with the perceived causes of divorce? Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

Kitson (1992) found that individuals who married at a young age were more likely to report difficulties in “settling down,” such as going out with the boys/girls and infidelity. In addition, Kitson (1992) noted that people married for a long time were more likely to mention changes in interests or having “no sense of family,” whereas people married for a shorter time were more likely to mention in-laws or sexual problems.

Goode’s (1956) investigations revealed that complaints of infidelity, drinking, and the general quality of home life increased with duration of the marriage, whereas complaints about personality and value conflict decreased. Bloom et al. (1985) found a positive correlation between length of marriage and infidelity. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. Although the underlying pattern is not entirely clear, it appears that long-term marriages are especially likely to be disrupted when people seek out new sexual partners (perhaps out of boredom) or become aware of changes in themselves or their partners due to the passage of time.

CAUSE OF DIVORCE AND ADJUSTMENT. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

In addition to understanding the specific reasons people give for divorce, it is also important to know whether these reasons are linked with post-divorce adjustment. Divorced individuals experience higher levels of depression, lower levels of life satisfaction, and more health problems than married individuals (see Amato, 2000, for a review.) It is not clear, however, whether people’s perceived reasons for divorce are related to post divorce adjustment.

Although little investigations have addressed this issue, Kitson (1992) found that individuals who cited extramarital sex reported especially high levels of subjective distress following marital disruption. Attribution theory (Fletcher & Fincham, 1991; Graham & Folkes, 1990; Weiner, 1986) provides a useful framework for understanding how the perceived causes of divorce might relate to post-divorce adjustment. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. If people attribute the cause of a problem (such as being unemployed) to internal factors (such as one’s lack of ability), then they are likely to experience negative views of the self and distressing emotions.

However, when people attribute the cause of a problem to external factors (such as fluctuations in the economy or bad luck), these negative outcomes are less likely. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. This principle also may apply to divorce, that is, former spouses may have a more difficult time adjusting to divorce when they make internal rather than external attributions about the cause of the marital disruption. In particular, attributing causality to the spouse or to external factors should result in the least distress, and attributing causality to oneself should result in the greatest distress.

Attributing causality to the relationship itself (thus implying that one is at least partly responsible) may result in an intermediate level of distress. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. These considerations suggest that it is not the specific cause of divorce as much as the underlying attribution of blame that affects people’s subsequent adjustment. In this context, it is useful to distinguish between attributions of responsibility for the problem and attributions of responsibility for the solution to the problem (Brickman et al., 1982).

Attribution theory assumes that people often engage in self-serving attributions. Consequently, ex-spouses are unlikely to see themselves as being solely responsible for the problems that led to the breakdown of the marriage. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. On the other hand, because feelings of control help people to cope with difficult events, ex-spouses may see themselves as having taken the initiative in seeking the divorce (that is, as having accepted responsibility for the solution to the problem).

In general, although attributing the cause of the divorce to internal factors should be associated with poorer adjustment, wanting the divorce more than the spouse should be associated with better adjustment, and individuals who attribute the cause of the divorce to their former spouses and the initiation of the divorce to themselves should have the most positive adjustment of all.

HYPOTHESES AND ANALYTIC STRATEGY. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

Although few investigations have focused on people’s subjective accounts of divorce, existing investigations suggests several hypotheses. First, we hypothesize that women will be more likely than men to refer to relationship quality, feelings, and problematic behavior on the part of their spouses as causes of divorce. In contrast, we hypothesize that men will be more likely than women to refer to external factors or to express uncertainty about the cause.

Regarding SES, we hypothesize that indicators of SES, such as education and income, are positively associated with reports of expressive or relationship-centered causes of divorce (such as lack of love or incompatibility) and negatively associated with reports of instrumental factors and problematic behavior (such as financial problems or physical abuse). Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. With respect to life course variables, we hypothesize that an early age at marriage is associated with perceptions of immaturity and difficulty in settling into the marital role.

We further hypothesize that duration of marriage is associated with problems that tend to emerge over long periods of time, such as changes in interests or opportunities for infidelity. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. Turning to adjustment, we hypothesize that adjustment to divorce is most difficult for those who attribute blame to themselves, less difficult for those who attribute blame to the relationship, and least difficult for those who attribute blame to the spouse or to external factors.

On the other hand, being the partner who most wanted the divorce (rather than being the partner who caused the problems that led to the divorce) should be positively associated with adjustment. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

These investigations have the advantage of testing these hypotheses with a randomly selected national sample of divorced individuals. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. Previous investigations of divorced individuals have used a variety of sampling methods, including the use of legal records (Goode, 1956; Kitson, 1992), divorce counseling lists (Cleek & Pearson, 1985: Levinger, 1966), and individuals are participating in divorce workshops and seminars (Hopper, 1993).

Some investigations have restricted their samples to couples with children (Cleek & Pearson, 1985; Goode, 1956; Levinger, 1966), former wives (Goode, 1956), or those separated but not yet divorced (Bloom et al., 1985). Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach. Geographically, previous investigations have been restricted to samples from specific parts of the United States, such as western or midwestern states (Albrecht et al., 1983; Bloom et al., 1985; Cleek & Pearson, 1985), or a particular county (Kitson, 1992; Levinger, 1966).

Goode (1956) limited his sample to women between the ages of 20 and 38 in urban areas. Because these investigations are not restricted to a particular demographic group or geographical area, our results can be generalized more broadly than the results of prior investigations. Infidelity investigations Miami Beach South Beach.

If you suspect that your partner is cheating, you want to confirm your suspicions as soon as possible. Statistics show that wives who suspect their partners of cheating are correct 85% of the time, while husbands who suspect their partners of cheating are correct 50% of the time.  Investigators Miami Beach South Beach. You may try to uncover the truth yourself, but often times this is ineffective or could cause your partner to become even more secretive. Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.  The most effective way to monitor your partner’s actions is to hire investigators Miami Beach South Beach.  investigators Miami Beach South Beach are professionals that are trained in gathering information and surveillance, and they are the best way to confirm infidelity.

Deciding to Hire  Investigators Miami Beach South Beach. Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

Do not confront your partner until you have proof. While you should talk to your partner about concerns regarding other problems, with infidelity it is best to wait until you have proof.  Investigators Miami Beach South Beach. Proof in this case means hard evidence (e.g., pictures, catching them in person, etc.) that your partner has been unfaithful. If you confront your partner too soon or without evidence, they will just deny everything. A person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach. They will also become more secretive and careful with their actions, making it even harder to obtain proof of their infidelity.

Look for signs of cheating. Before deciding to hire  investigators Miami Beach South Beach it can be helpful to start gathering some information about your suspicions. A person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach. Be very careful as you do this, as you do not want to be caught during this initial step. Also keep in mind that signs of cheating are not the same as proof of cheating. The most common signs of infidelity include:

Notable increase or decrease in intimacy, affection levels, or sexual interest. A person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

Suspicious phone habits like hiding their screen when it rings or being secretive about their text messages. A person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

A marked change in appearance and hygiene, such as showering right when they get home from work, dressing up to do mundane things like grocery shopping, or wearing a new perfume or cologne. A person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

Being overly secretive about their browser history and an increase in the amount of time they spend online, especially at night. Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

Changes in the work routine, like needing to work late often or having to go out of town for work. A person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

Keep a journal of your partner’s whereabouts. In order to track your partner’s changing behaviors, it is crucial that you start writing down important information. A person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.  Investigators Miami Beach South Beach. A cheating partner will often change their story or question your memory, and this journal will help you bring to light these inconsistencies. Some things to track in the journal include:

Dates and times of outings/events Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

The other people are attending the outing/event Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

Reasons why you have not invited Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

Excuses were given for why your partner is late Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

Gather hard evidence. Without being too obvious or invasive, further your preliminary investigation by monitoring your partner’s habits and spending. I Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach. n addition to keeping a journal about what they say, try to find some hard evidence about what they are doing. Watching your partner slyly can help build a case against them, which you can then use to find the right  investigators Miami Beach South Beach. Without being too obvious, try to track some of the following:

Monitor your partner’s mileage, receipts, credit card statements, ATM withdrawals, phone records, etc. to give you an idea of where they are going and if they are spending more money than usual. Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

If you share a cell phone account, contact the phone company for the text message log, which includes all text messages sent or received that weren’t deleted. Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

Try searching for other social media accounts to see if your partner has a secret profile under a different name. Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

Discuss the matter with your personal attorney. If you are serious about hiring  investigators Miami Beach South Beach, it is important that you speak with legal counsel about it beforehand. Marital disputes are fraught with legal issues, and having advice from a lawyer can help limit your exposure. Many attorneys also work with  investigators Miami Beach South Beach and may be able to recommend person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach that they have worked with or have heard is reputable. Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

Research licensed  investigators Miami Beach South Beach in your area.  Investigators Miami Beach South Beach. As you begin choosing person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach to help confirm your partner’s infidelity, it is extremely important that this person is a licensed, experienced person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach. Most states have strict requirements to obtain an investigative license, including specific training classes, passing grades on assessment examinations, and a particular number of supervised field hours. However, the following states do not have statewide licensing requirements:

  • Alabama Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.
  • Alaska Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.
  • Colorado (voluntary licensing available) Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.
  • Idaho Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.
  • Mississippi Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.
  • South Dakota Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

Choose person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach with experience in spousal infidelity investigations. Many  investigators Miami Beach South Beach have a specialty within the investigative industry. Rather than hiring any licensed person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach, try to locate one that has a great deal of experience with marital investigations.  Investigators Miami Beach South Beach. This person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach will be more experienced with the nuances of investigating a suspected cheater, as opposed to a person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach that typically investigates corporations or insurance fraud.

Ask all potential person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach what their services include. If you want to be sure that the investigation is thorough, be sure to discuss specifics with each person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach you are considering.  Investigators Miami Beach South Beach. For the most part, a licensed person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach will conduct their investigations per the standard methods they are trained on; however, it is important to be sure that your cheater investigators Miami Beach South Beach actually utilize all the methods available to them. While person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach unable to pose as law enforcement officers, tap wires, or obtain cell phone records via pretexting, they should include the following in their investigation:

  • Physical surveillance. Person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach
  • Hidden cameras  investigators Miami Beach South Beach
  • GPS tracking  investigators Miami Beach South Beach
  • Internet monitoring  investigators Miami Beach South Beach
  • Social network investigation  investigators Miami Beach South Beach
  • Decoys to tempt your cheating spouse  investigators Miami Beach South Beach

Shop around for the most reasonable price. Another factor to consider when choosing  investigators Miami Beach South Beach is the cost of such an extensive professional investigation. The cost of person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach can vary widely based on the experience of the person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach, the location(s) of the investigation, the prospective length of the investigation, and the difficulty of the investigation (like if the partner is a high-profile person). However, some general information regarding a person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach costs:

Hourly fees throughout the country range from approximately $40 – $100 per hour, with an average hourly rate of about $50 – $55 per hour.  Investigators Miami Beach South Beach.

Many people under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach require a retainer or deposit to be applied against fees for services rendered and expenses, with deposits up to $5,000 for infidelity cases. Factors determining this amount include travel involved, airline/hotel costs, estimated number of surveillance hours, and the urgency of the case.

Keep in mind common additional costs, such as mileage expenses for any driving and fees for adding additional person under infidelity investigators Miami Beach South Beach to the case.

 CONTACT US

THE WASSER AGENCY

tel:+1-305-278-8700

david@thewasseragency.com

13611 South Dixie Suite #560 Highway Miami, FL, 33176 

Miami Beach  Miami Gardens Aventura • Bal Harbour • Bay Harbor Islands • Biscayne Park  Carol City  Coral Gables  Cutler Bay  Cutler Ridge  Doral  El Portal  Fisher Island • Florida City  Golden Beach  Hialeah  Hialeah Gardens  Miami Fort Lauderdale • Florida for rents Coral Gables stead • Indian Creek • Islandia •  Key Biscayne • Medley • Miami • Miami Lakes  Miami Shores  Miami Springs • Naranja  North Bay Village  North Miami  North Miami Beach  Ojus  OpaLocka  Palmetto Bay • Perrine  Pinecrest • Pinecrest   Monroe Co South Miami  Sunny Isles  • Sweetwater • Universal Park • Virginia Gardens  West Miami  

PRIVATE INVESTIGATOR SOUTH BEACH |missing persons investigator Miami Beach | detectives and investigators South Beach| detective search Miami Beach |  surveillance investigation Miami Beach South Beach | PRIVATE INVESTIGATOR MIAMI BEACH

Privateinvestigatorsmiamibeach | Child Custody | Catch a cheater | Detectives and criminal investigators | Licensed investigator | Private eye investigations | Surveillance services | PI agency | Top private investigation firms | Mobile surveillance | Missing person investigatorInvestigation firm | Privateinvestigatorsmiamibeach